From 20th to 23rd January 2016, European and Global education leaders met at the British Educational Training and Technology (BETT) Show in ExCel London. More than an exhibition, numerous conferences and round tables were organized to present new tools but also to talk about case studies.
I attend some of them to be aware of the latest trends and best practices in education.
How and for which purpose can online video be embedded to classes?
Please note that I do not talk about Massive Open Online Courses in this article. You can read our articles dedicated to the subject here and here.
How can you use video in class?
As a course material:Online video can be a good course material.
Indeed, it is stated that people remember an incredible 70% of what they hear and see at the same time, compared to a poor 20% of what they hear and 30% of what they see.
Videos can be used in different ways:
- Before the class: the flipped approach implies that students watch videos presenting the theory before discussing the subject in class with exercises, activities etc.
- During the class: some teachers prefer allowing time for the students to watch the course material in video during the class. Students can watch again part of the lesson twice or more and go at their own pace.
- As an optional resource: some Universities and School (such as Telemark University College in Norway or HEC Paris in France) film the courses, and publish them on their intranet.
Students can then watch a class if they have missed or not understood part or all the course.
As case studies:Explaining key points of the course with case studies in video is common.
It does not require a huge amount of work from the teacher. Most of the time, teachers use videos from companies, documentaries etc. easily findable on Internet.
As an activity:In some classes, videos are used as an activity in groups.
For example, in language classes, the teacher can film students. It is a great tool to improve their oral skills. Be careful : filming your students in class require the authorization of them or their parents. << Learn more
A recent research from Laia Albó (University Pompeu Fabra in Barcelona, Spain) shows that students prefer watching videos in class.
She recommends to use online video at the beginning of the class to present the theory then to propose activities in groups. Two teachers are in the class as "facilitators" during the activity. This research also shows that interaction is much more important in class than out of the class.
But, what is the difference with flipped classroom?
Videos are watched during class and not before. Time have to be allocated to the
Students in 2016 have grown with technology and the Internet.
The main entry barriers are not from the student side but from institutional, technological and pedagogical sides:
- Institutional: introducing new practices in a traditional system takes time.
- Technological: difficulties can appear to combine different platforms (i.e. MOOC platforms and LMS).
- Pedagogical: at the moment, teachers still need more examples to be convinced of the advantages to use technology in class.
Using technology in education has its early adopters, it now needs the early majority to be convinced (in reference to the Rogers Adoption Curve) of the benefits of video in class. It is your turn to convince your organisation that it's worth the investment in time and money.
Please do not hesitate to share your experiences in the comments section below!